Despite the foundational challenges encountered by Peace Corps of Nigeria (PCN), it has recorded
remarkable achievements which among others include:
• "Establishment of a befitting Headquarters in the Federal Capital Territory (FCT) Abuja and a
network of State Command Offices in the 36 States of the Federation and FCT Command;
• Membership Strength which includes over 113,822 Permanent Staff who has passed through
PCN mandatory One Month Initial Training and Orientation in its Staff Officers Cadre and over
78,247 volunteers spread across the Federation;
• The Introduction
of Nigerian Peace Corps (NPC) Bill (a Bill for an Act to establish the Nigerian
Peace Corps (NPC) to Empower, Develop, provide Alternative Employment for the Youths, to
facilitate Peace, Volunteerism, Community Services, Nation – building and for other related
matters, 2015) in the two Chambers of the National Assembly i.e. the Senate and House of
Representatives. This all-important Bill has scaled through First and Second Readings in both
Chambers and over 93 percent of Major Stakeholders and the general public supported the Bill
during the Public Hearing at both Chambers;
• PCN was enlisted by the United Nations Economic and Social Council in 2011 and subsequently
granted a Special Consultative Status by UN on 1st August, 2013 after a successful Defence of
its application for a Consultative Status by a 2-man delegate led by Amb. (DR) Dickson A. O.
Akoh during the Annual Session of the Committee on Non-Governmental Organizations held in
January, 2013 at the UN Headquarters, USA;
• The formal recognition accorded PCN and its activities by the Federal Government through the
Federal Ministry of Youth Development in 2004, which was renewed in October, 2013.
• The activities of PCN in Schools and Colleges were registered and accorded recognition by the
Federal Ministry of Education under its General Education and Support Services in October,
• Affiliated to Nigerian National Commission for UNESCO in March, 2013;
• Granted approval by the Government of 33 States of the Federation for the establishment of
PCN in their Schools and Colleges;
• Granted approval by the Federal Ministry of Education for the establishment of PCN in all
Colleges (Unity Schools) across the States of the Federation.
• PCN in 2010 introduced and has successfully hosted UN International Day of Peace every 21st
September, which has attracted the partnership of Federal Ministries, Agencies, Non
Governmental Organizations and other Civil Society Organizations;
• The sponsorship and participation of Six (6) Principal Officers of PCN in UN Conference on
Green Economy at UN Regional Office in Nairobi, Kenya, in 2012;
• PCN upon return from the Green Economy Conference in Kenya replicated the Conference by
organizing the first ever ………..on Nigeria and Greening the Economy, which served as a
platform to adequately
Aims & Objectives of Peace Corps of Nigeria
The Aims and Objectives of Peace Corps are as follows;
Junior Secondary – Security Education (TM 03)
through working with Government, Schools, Non-Profit Organizations, Non-Governmental
Organizations, etc. in order to preoccupy the youths.
To empower and pre-occupy Nigerian Youths through job creation and provision of alternative
Training Nigerian Youths with good virtuous, strong passion and commitment to the art of Patriotism,
Volunteerism Community Services and Nation Building.
To train and equip the Youths with knowledge for Peace Education, Conflict Resolution, Mediation,
Reconciliation and Confidence Building.
To give distinct orientation to the Youths and engage them in the provision of essential services such
• Involving members of the Peace Corps in Community Services such as Immunization, Census and
Sanitation Exercises, especially in urban cities, States and Local Government Capitals;
• Provision of Refuse Bins, Waste Baskets, and Handy Waste Bags in public buildings, buses and schools
in order to obliterate littered materials;
• Assisting in planting of Economic trees and all forms of environmental conservation.
• Involve members and Volunteers of the Peace Corps in crowd control during public events and in
neighborhood watch in order to curb insecurity within the community.
Create a Data Bank and reservoir of trained, qualified professionals and non-professional youths for
easy accessibility of manpower from the pool of well-groomed youths whenever the Nation needs
their services for either permanent employment or ad-hoc manpower for such national or
international programmes as Emergency Relief Services, Voters’ Registration, Election Exercise, etc.
Provide security for all Educational Institutions and checking all forms of examination malpractices and
other vices prevalent in Schools and Colleges in order to create a conducive atmosphere for learning.
To achieve these, the Peace Corps shall:
• Establish Peace Corps Club in Schools and Colleges and involving members of the club in the
promotion of internal understanding, Peace Education, Conflict Management and Transformation;
• Maintain surveillance on students organizing secret societies; identify their members, associates,
modus operandi and to make such discoveries known to the appropriate authorities;
• Assist the school authority in the maintenance and enforcement of School Rules and Regulations;
• Detect any plot to vandalize valuable properties of the school or college or any form of dissident act
of rioting by students or intruders in order to promote internal peace and security;
• Organize Holiday Camps for students where they would be involved in less academic work, but more
of games, creative work, martial art, citizenship and leadership training, as well as other extra
curricular programmes and;
• Organize special conferences, seminars and workshops in order to equip the Nigerian youths in
Leadership Building Mechanism, so as to prepare them both mentally, morally and physically for
their future leadership roles.
Assist in youth developmental activities, Empowerment and Capacity Building for youth Creativity and
Innovations, such as:
o Identify tools, techniques and the process of critical thinking, creativity, innovation and
discovery to facilitate problem solving;
Page | 45o Initiate and involving the youths in Humanitarian Services in Nigeria and around the world
in order to aid transfer of knowledge and Technology;
o Helping the People of interested countries in meeting their needs for training young Men
and Women and to promote a better understanding of Nigerians on the parts of the peoples
o Serve as Orderlies to members of the Executives, Parliament, Judiciary and Traditional Rulers
that are not covered by existing Security Agencies;
o Engage Members as Tourists Assistants and Guide to Nigerian and foreigners on visit to the
Country, Tourists Sites and other National and State Monuments and Heritage;
o Creation and Management of Public Toilets on highways, including enlightenment against
defecation in public places, Recreational Centers, Tourist Sites, etc.; and
o To check all Forms of Examination Malpractices as may be perpetrated by students,
invigilators, teachers, lecturers, and other educational staff.
Other Duties are;
• They coordinate children and maintain peace in schools.
• They work as volunteers in public places like church, stadium, recreation parks, mosque,
markets, and company premises.
The Federal Road Safety Commission
The Federal Road Safety Commission is the government agency charged with the road safety
administration in Nigeria. Founded in 1988, the Federal Road Safety Commission (FRSC) operates in all
Nigerian states as well as the Federal Capital Territory. The FRSC is headed by a Corps Marshal and
Chief Executive (COMACE).
In February 1988, the Federal Government established the Federal Road Safety Commission through
Decree No. 45 of the 1988 as amended by Decree 35 of 1992 referred to in the statute books as the
FRSC Act cap 141 Laws of the Federation of Nigeria (LFN). It was passed by the National Assembly as
Federal Road Safety Commission (establishment) Act 2000.
The Federal Road Safety Commission (FRSC) is the lead agency in Nigeria that handles road safety
administration and management.
Its statutory functions include:
1. Making the highways safe for motorists and other road users.
2. Recommending works and infrastructure to eliminate or minimize accidents on the highways.
3. Educating motorists and members of the public on the importance of road discipline on the
More specifically, the Commission is charged with responsibilities as follows:
• Preventing or minimizing accidents on the highway.
• Clearing obstructions on any part of the highways.
• Educating drivers, motorists and other members of the public generally on the proper use of
• Designing and producing the driver's license to be used by various categories of vehicle
• Determining, from time to time, the requirements to be satisfied by an applicant for a driver's
Page | 46• Designing and producing vehicle number plates.
• The standardization of highway traffic codes.
• Giving prompt attention and care to victims of accidents.
• Conducting researches into causes of motor accidents and methods of preventing them and
putting into use the result of such researches.
• Determining and enforcing speed limits for all categories of roads and vehicles and controlling
the use of speed limiting devices.
• Cooperating with bodies or agencies or groups in road safety activities or in prevention of
accidents on the highways.
• Making regulations in pursuance of any of the functions assigned to the Corps by or under this
• Regulating the use of sirens, flashers and beacon lights on vehicles other than ambulances and
vehicles belonging to the Armed Forces, Nigeria Police, Fire Service and other Para-military
• Providing roadside and mobile clinics for the treatment of accident victims free of charge.
• Regulating the use of mobile phones by motorists.
• Regulating the use of seat belts and other safety devices.
• Regulating the use of motorcycles on the highways.
• Maintaining the validity period for drivers' licenses which shall be three years subject to
renewal at the expiration of the validity period.
In exercising these functions, members of the Commission shall have power to arrest and prosecute
persons reasonably suspected of having committed any traffic offence.
The Nigerian Prison Service
The Nigerian Prison Service is the agency of government charged with the safeguarding of inmates
who have been found guilty of a crime or those who are awaiting trial. The Prison service is headed by
the Comptroller General of Prisons.
The origin of modern Prisons Service in Nigeria can be dated back to 1861. That was the year Western
type prison was established in Nigeria. The declaration of Lagos as a colony in 1861 marked the
beginning of the institution of formal machinery of governance. At this stage the preoccupation of the
colonial government was to protect legitimate trade, guarantee the profit of British merchants as well
as guarantee the activities of the missionaries.
In 1861, the acting governor of the Lagos colony formed a Police Force of about 25 constables. This
was followed in 1863 by the establishment in Lagos of four courts: a Police court to resolve petty
disputes, a criminal court to try the more serious cases, a slave court to try cases arising from the
efforts to abolish the trade in slaves and a commercial court to resolve disputes among merchants and
traders. The functioning of these courts and the police in that colonial setting necessarily means that
prison was needed to complete the system.
Page | 47Page | 48
It was not until 1934 that any meaningful attempt was made to introduce relative modernization into
the Prison Service. It was at this time that Colonel V. L. Mabb was appointed Director of Prisons by the
Governor, Sir Donald Cameron. Although a military officer, Mabb had an understanding of what
prisons should be and did his best to ensure standardization of the nation's prisons.
The abolition of Native Authority prisons in 1968 and the subsequent unification of the Prisons Service
in Nigeria therefore marked the beginning of Nigerian Prisons Service as it is now known. Prior to this,
the prisons in the North were under the general supervision of the Northern Inspector General of
Police who was also the Director of Prisons. In the same vein, the Director of Prisons was in charge of
the prisons in the South.
Native Authority prisons were however abolished with effect from 1st April, 1968. In 1971, the
government white paper on the reorganization of the prisons was released and was followed by
Decree No.9 of 1972 which spelt out the goals and orientation of of the Nigerian Prison Service. The
Prison was charged with taking custody of those legally detained, identifying causes of their behaviour
and retraining them to become useful citizens in the society.
There have been important transformations in the Service since 1972. It has undergone some
reorganization from its modest three Directorates in 1980 to six Directorates in 1993.
The Prison Service now has command structure of 8 zonal commands, 36 State Commands, 1 FCT
Command, 155 Prisons including farm centres and 83 Satellite Prisons. It also has four Training Schools,
and one Staff College.
State the Aims & Objectives of Peace Corps of Nigeria
List the commands of Peace Corps in Nigeria.
Write 3 functions of FRSC.